Depth to Plant
Spacing Between Plants
Spacing Between Rows
Soil Temp


3-4 inches deep

Space seed potatoes about 10" - 14" apart

Make rows about 24" apart

55F - 70F


How to Prepare Your Potato Seeds:

When examining them, chitting, cutting or planting, leave the sprouts on. If you break sprouts off you will delay emergence of the vines; and, you will greatly increase the number of vines that finally do emerge from each potato, greatly reducing the ultimate size of the potatoes you will harvest. All tubers the size of a hen's egg (1-3 ounces), may be planted whole. Ones this size are highly desirable. When cutting larger potatoes into smaller, plantable sizes, each piece should weigh at least 2-4 ounces and must contain two or more strong eyes. Most people cut up larger potatoes into pieces immediately before planting, using a clean, sharp knife. Seed may be allowed to "heal over" for a day prior to planting, but must not be allowed to dry out. Spread the cut pieces out on a table in the shade or one layer deep in a shallow box. Do not put in direct sunlight because this will weaken them.


How to Prepare the Soil for Planting your Potato Seeds:

The ideal potato soil is deep, light and loose, a well-drained but moisture retentive loam. Most potato varieties are very aggressive rooting plants, and are able to take full advantage of such soil. In ideal soil, potatoes can make incredible yields. Fortunately, the potato is also very adaptable and will usually produce quite well even where soil conditions are less than perfect. Potatoes do best in soil with a pH ranging from 5.2-6.8. Alkaline soil will tend to make many varieties get scabby. If using compost that is not very "strong," we recommend supplementing it with fertilizer, but not too much. Potatoes given too much nitrogen grow lots of leafy vines but won’t produce very many tubers. 


Planting your Potato Seeds:

Wondering if your potatoes can handle a frost? The answer might surprise you! 

Planting just 1 to 3 inches below the soil can protect your seed potatoes from frost damage even during a HARD freeze. Protect your potato plants if you get a late start in the season with a hoop house or floating row cover to protect it from prolonged cold and wet weather. 

Optimum soil temperature for good growth ranges from 55 deg. F. to 70 deg. F. A small planting of the earliest early potatoes may be attempted by planting 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. The width between rows and overall plant spacing is determined by the size of your garden, however, gardeners can get by with as little as 2 feet between rows. Whatever your row spacing, dig a shallow trench about 6-8 inches deep. Plant the seed pieces 10-14 inches apart in this trench. Using a rake, cover the seed with 3-4 inches of soil-do not fill the trench completely.



Sprouts will emerge in about two weeks, depending on the soil temperature. When the stems are about 8 inches high, gently hill the vines up with soil scraped from both sides of the row with a hoe. Leave about half of the vine exposed. Hilling puts the root system deeper where the soil is cooler while the just scraped-up soil creates a light fluffy medium for the tubers to develop into. All tubers will form between the seed piece and the surface of the soil. Another hilling will be needed in another 2-3 weeks and yet another as well, 2 weeks after the second. On subsequent hilling, add only an inch or two of soil to the hill, but make sure there is enough soil atop the forming potatoes that they don't push out of the hill and get exposed to light.


Harvesting your Potatoes:

Normally, seven or eight weeks after planting, the earliest varieties are blossoming. This signifies that early potatoes may be ready, so gently poke into a potato hill by hand to see what you can find while making as little disturbance as possible. The ideal time to harvest is when the vines are dead. It is best to wait until heavy frosts kill the tops off or, if your tubers are fully-sized up but no frost is in sight, you can mow the tops or cut them off by hand with a sickle. But if you can wait for the tops to die back naturally, your harvest will be a little bigger and your potatoes just a tad richer. Dryish soil is definitely an advantage when harvesting; the tubers come up a lot cleaner and with much less effort. After the tops are dead, rest the tubers in the ground, undisturbed for two weeks to "cure," while the skins toughen up, protecting the tubers from scuffing and bruising during harvest and storage. Minor injuries in the skin may heal if allowed to dry. It is better to harvest in the cool morning hours.



Browse through hundreds of different varieties




Save 50%
All-in-One Fall/Winter Variety Pack - SeedsNow.com
All-in-One Fall/Winter Variety Pack
Sale price$20.00 Regular price$39.99
Rhubarb - Victoria.
Rhubarb - Victoria
Sale priceFrom $2.50
Radish - Sparkler - SeedsNow.com
Radish - Sparkler
Sale priceFrom $1.70
Radish - Watermelon - SeedsNow.com
Radish - Watermelon
Sale priceFrom $1.70
Radish - Beauty, Pink - SeedsNow.com
Radish - Beauty, Pink
Sale priceFrom $1.70
Carrot - Solar Yellow, 7" Long - SeedsNow.com
Carrot - Solar Yellow, 7" Long
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Sprouts/Microgreens - Bean, Mung - SeedsNow.com
Sprouts/Microgreens - Bean, Mung
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Radish - White Icicle.
Radish - White Icicle
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Rutabaga - American Purple Top - SeedsNow.com
Rutabaga - American Purple Top
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Sage - Broadleaf - SeedsNow.com
Sage - Broadleaf
Sale priceFrom $1.50
Broccoli - Calabrese.
Broccoli - Calabrese
Sale priceFrom $1.50


How to Grow a Giant Pumpkin from Seed

How to Grow a Giant Pumpkin from Seed

If you’re planning on growing a GIANT pumpkin, keep in mind that you may need anywhere from 400 sq. ft. all the way up to 1200 sq. feet for just ON...
38 Edible Flowers To Plant In Your Garden

38 Edible Flowers To Plant In Your Garden

Nothing will impress your friends and family like sprinkling some colorful flowers into a salad, onto pastries or even as a garnish in their favorite drinks. Edible flowers will add a beautiful splash of color to many dishes and they are readily available, when you're growing them right in your own garden.
15 Herbs You Can Grow at Home To Make Your Own Tea

15 Herbs You Can Grow at Home To Make Your Own Tea

These 15 herbs will make a wonderful addition to your collection of "tea making supplies"!  Start curing your ailments naturally by growing your own herbal remedies. You can use them individually or mix and match to create unique tones and flavors that are suitable to your own liking. 
Your Guide to Gardening Through all 4 Seasons

Your Guide to Gardening Through all 4 Seasons

As the weather becomes consistently cold (in late October and early November, in the upper Midwest), you can work at preparing your garden for winter. There are several aspects to winter preparation.
How to Deal with Squash Bugs

How to Deal with Squash Bugs

Squash bugs can destroy crops and are quite the nuisance. Check your squash plants daily for signs of squash bugs and their eggs.   What to look...
How to Save 🍅 Tomato Seeds

How to Save 🍅 Tomato Seeds

There are several ways that you can save your heirloom tomato seeds, but here are two of the most popular techniques.  Fermentation Method: Choos...
How To Tell When 🍆 Eggplant Is Ripe

How To Tell When 🍆 Eggplant Is Ripe

Eggplant is a versatile fruit often used in Italian dishes such as ratatouille, caponata, and lasagna. Eggplant easily absorbs the flavors of wh...
Start these NOW for a fall garden!

Start these NOW for a fall garden!

Summer will soon be over but having a thriving vegetable garden doesn't have to end when summer does. With a little bit of planning, and p...
How Many Plants a 12″ Container?

How Many Plants a 12″ Container?

Here is a suggested number of plants that will grow successfully in a 12″ container. It would be a waste of money and time to start more seeds...