Soft-Neck Garlic - Typically has more cloves per bud than hard-neck varieties. They will not produce a hard flowering stalk, which makes it a great choice for braiding. The cloves are smaller than hard-neck varieties. These varieties can easily be stored for up to 9 months. Grow soft-neck varieties in regions where winters are mild.
Hard-Neck Garlic - Typically has fewer cloves per bud than the soft-neck varieties. They will produce a flower stalk, or scape, that will need to be removed once the plant forms. The cloves are larger than soft-neck varieties. These varieties will store well for only a few months, so use them sooner than later. Grow hard-neck varieties in regions where there is extended cooler weather.